Posts Tagged ‘Infectious Diseases’

In the following excerpt from our bestselling, new release book, VACCINE SCIENCE REVISITED: Are Childhood Immunizations As Safe As Claimed?, we highlight germs and different types of vaccines. You’ll see we discovered the differences between some vaccine types doesn’t seem to be clearly understood by many we’ve come across in the medical field.

 

“Without laboratories men of science are soldiers without arms.” -Louis Pasteur (French biologist)

 

Some inactivated vaccines use the entire germ, while others use disease-causing portions of the germ. In vaccines containing the whole germ, scientists will inactivate or kill the germ in order to prevent viral replication. They do this by using chemicals. A chemical that’s very good at this job is formaldehyde (FA) or formalin (liquid form of FA).

Even though the germ is killed and can no longer replicate, it’s still whole, so our immune system is able to recognize it and attack it.

Unfortunately, the killed germ doesn’t keep our body immune as long as a living germ will, so we need to get booster shots every so often to keep the immune response up. Examples of vaccines using killed germs are Hepatitis A and polio (shot).

Inactivated toxins (toxoids) vaccine

When the disease is caused by bacteria, it’s often not the actual bacteria itself causing the sickness, but rather a toxic component of the bacteria. The goal of this vaccine is to inactivate the toxic component (toxoid), so it can be injected into our body without harming it. Toxoids are not quite the same as toxins. Toxins are the pure product of the bacteria and toxoids are the toxins after they have been chemically altered or inactivated in the lab.

Examples of toxoid vaccines are diphtheria and tetanus.

Subunit/conjugate/recombinant vaccine

The differences between these types of vaccines (subunit/conjugate/recombinant) doesn’t seem to be clearly understood by many we’ve come across in the medical field.

Subunit vaccines use only portions of the germ or as the NIH website explains it, they “include only the antigens that best stimulate the immune system.”

The conjugate vaccines, on the other hand, use only the bacterial sugar coat in order to “disguise a bacterium’s antigens so that the immature immune systems of infants and younger children can’t recognize or respond to them.” The coating also contains the information that makes us sick.

But this is not an actual germ, so if it is just injected into the body by itself, we won’t recognize how dangerous the coating is. To solve this problem, the scientists attach it to a toxic molecule that will stir up our immune system. In order to attach the coating to the toxin, they need other chemicals to finish the job. By using a chemical, the coating material attaches to a carrier protein. Examples of these types of vaccines are the Hib, HPV, pneumococcal and meningococcal vaccines.

The recombinant vaccines, use carriers or vectors “to introduce microbial DNA to cells of the body.” These carriers/vectors are weakened viruses or bacteria, meaning they mix and match DNA from different sources into one germ or cell.

There are different ways to produce these vaccines. One way is to isolate a specific piece from a germ and use it in the vaccine. Another way is via genetic engineering. Here the germ is inserted into plasmid that has been manipulated by scientists. This type of plasmid is circular segments of DNA extracted from bacteria to serve as a vector. Scientists can add multiple genes and whatever genes they want into this plasmid. In case of vaccines, this includes a genetic piece of the vaccine germ and normally a gene for antibiotic resistance.

This means that when the toxic gene is cultured inside the yeast, it has been designed with a new genetic code that makes it resistant to the antibiotic it’s coded for.

The gene-plasmid combo is inserted into a yeast cell to be replicated. When the yeast replicates, the DNA from the plasmid is reproduced as a part of the yeast DNA. Once enough cells have been replicated, the genetic material in the new and improved yeast cell is extracted and put into the vaccine. Examples of this vaccine are the acellular pertussis and hepatitis B vaccines.

One thing that doesn’t seem to concern scientists is the fact that the manmade genetic combination becomes the vaccine component. This mixture of intended and unintended genetic information may cause our immune system to overreact. This can be especially complicated for a child with compromised immune system.

Another concern is that this new genetic code can become integrated with our own genetic material. Yeast, for instance, is very much like human DNA. It shares about one third of our proteins.

What have they done?

Here you have substances that are designed to aggravate the immune system towards an attack. So, that’s what it does. Our immune system launches an attack on the invader. Sometimes the invader, like yeast, has many of the same protein codes as us. Our immune system downloads these protein codes and labels them as enemies. It signals a full-on attack on everything with that code in our body. Unfortunately, when the codes are similar, we don’t always know how to distinguish between vaccine proteins and our own proteins.

Trace elements

Trace components that end up in the final product and become a part of the vaccine are usually left-over elements from the manufacturing process.

These components were added during production in order to either keep cells alive or kill them or keep them free from contamination or to alter genetic materials during production. Other components are added to stir up our immune system to respond to the vaccine. As you perhaps can see, the materials scientists purposely add to the vaccine-making process serve the purpose of keeping us as safe as possible.

The concern arises when these materials become a danger to our body, which becomes overwhelmed from being bombarded with toxins and protein particles. This attack is, for some children, too much to handle, and they suffer permanent ill health or lose the fight to live.

What is it exactly that ends up in the vaccines our children are given, and what happens when these vaccines enter their bodies? We attempt to answer these questions in the next chapter.

 

References for Chapter 6: Altered germs:

World Health Organization. (n.d.) Module 2: Types of Vaccine and Adverse Reactions. Retrieved from https://vaccine-safety-training.org/s

 

VACCINE SCIENCE REVISITED: Are Childhood Immunizations As Safe As Claimed? (The Underground Knowledge Series Book 8) by [Morcan, James, Morcan, Lance]

Amazon #1 Bestseller in Emergency Pediatrics: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B07MQTN3CG/

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